If your male partner is referred to as azoospermic, this condition means that there is an absence of spermatozoa during ejaculation. Upon his consent, he may undergo a semen surgical collection procedure; which is a technique used to collect spermatozoa directly from the vas deferens, epididymis or his testis. The procedure can be performed under a local or general anesthesia.
Onwards to the next stage, his sperm retrieval samples can be prepared for use on the same day after egg collection, cyopreserved for when you are ready to conceive a child, or even do both. Once the spermatozoa has been safely collected and isolated for protection, fertilization is ready to go through an ICSI procedure.
• PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration)
PESA is a process that involves inserting a fine needle into a male’s epidydmis. This begins by gently removing fluid from the epidydmus by aspirating it through the needle. Slowly but surely the liquid will then be placed under a microscope to analyze its sperm content and motility.
• MESA (Microsurgical Epididymal Sperm Aspiration)
MESA is a microsurgical technique that can remove small samples of your partner’s epidydmal tissue, following a highly specialized laboratory handling and processing, with an eventual extraction of his spermatozoa from the tissue.
• TESA (Testicular Sperm Aspiration)
TESA involves the insertion of a needle into your partner’s testis following the aspiration of spermatozoa. Once this has been completed his liquid will then be analysed under a microscope for an assessment on sperm content and motility.
• TESE (Testicular Sperm Extraction)
What is also known as a testicular biopsy, TESE involves a small surgical incision within your partner’s testis. The aim of this procedure is to remove
small samples of his testis tissue for processing and the eventual extraction of sperm.