IVF Treatment Timeline

IVF Treatment Timeline2018-05-17T12:17:28+00:00

Project Description

 The 4 stages of IVF: 

During a woman’s normal menstrual cycle, LH and FSH are the hormones that the body uses to stimulate development and maturation of a single oocyte. In order to optimize your pregnancy rates during IVF, it is important to have more than one mature oocyte available for fertilization, embryo development and transfer into the uterus. The ovaries are therefore stimulated using higher levels of the stimulating hormone that naturally exist in your body. (This is achieved using Gonadotrophin injections). Many different stimulation regimes exist at the moment, and the physician chooses the one best suited to your biological system, in order to achieve a good number of high quality oocytes. Close monitoring of the follicles (the sacs that contain the growing oocytes in the ovaries) is required and is achieved with frequent ultra-sound in order to determine their size and their numbers. At the appropriate timing, an additional amount of hormones will be administered, aiding with the final maturation of the oocytes. Based on all the available feedback and laboratory findings, the most suitable time for the recovery will be determined.

This is the procedure by which the doctor collects the oocytes of the female body. procedure requiring anesthesia. A small needle enters the upper portion of the vagina, through the guidance of the ultrasound, into the ovary’s follicles. The fluid that is aspirated will then be taken to the laboratory, where the oocytes will be identified and transferred into culture media inside an incubator at 37oC to continue the maturation process for a few more hours.
In this stage, your partner will have to give his sample of sperm on the day of the oocyte recovery (or beforehand,of which will be preserved until needed). His sperm will be carefully prepared with a special procedure and the healthy spermatozoa separately. There are approximately 100,000 motile spermatozoa added per oocyte, with 4-6 hours after oocyte recovery. This in order for the fertilization to take place within the following 12-18 hours in the incubator. The insemination process will lead to the fertilization of the oocytes, and resulting embryos are transfered to different culture media to be observed closely over the next 48 hours.
Good quality embryos are chosen and are transferred through the neck of the womb using a small catheter (fine tube), on the basis of their rate of growth and morphology. The number of embryos that will be transferred is decided according to the age and medical history of the potential mother; alongside the number and quality of the embryos that have been released during each therapy cycle. For every couple, there is a possibility of having more than one child. Embryo transfer is a painless procedure, much like having a cervical smear, and fortunately takes only a few minutes. Once the task has been completed, we highly recommend a short resting period in the recovery room. The day after oocyte retrieval progesterone and other supplements will be prescribed to ensure that the lining of the uterus receives sufficient stimulation and sustains the implantation of the embryos. Quantitative pregnancy test with blood also needs to be done 12-14 days after embryo transfer.

We can offer you Natural cycle-In Vitro Fertilization (NC-IVF), where the procedure can follow with the absence of hormone therapy where IVF is performed using the single follicle that grows naturally.

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